Started in the mid 1990s, the Common Data Set is a collaborative effort among university data providers and publishers to report accurate university information on a wide variety of topics.
Universities annually complete the same CDS survey using standardized definitions of terms as defined by the U.S. Department of Education. Each CDS reports on general university statistics relating to student enrollment and persistence, financial aid, annual student expenses, student life, academic offerings and policies, as well as instructional faculty counts and class sizes.
If you found the CDS informative then you may also enjoy reading the IPEDS Data Feedback Reports. The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) is the core postsecondary education data collection program for US government. It is a single, comprehensive system designed to encompass all institutions and educational organizations whose primary purpose is to provide postsecondary education.