2011  
Campus

Dr. Rosemary Stuart
Professor of Biological Sciences

Dr. Stewart's research is focused on the process of assembly of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used as a model. The Mitochondrial respiratory chain is composed of a number of large multi-subunit complexes that are embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondria are the part of cells that produce energy, which comes in the form of adenosine triposphate, ATP, the "energy currency" Enzymes - smaller molecular machines- work together to produce the ATP molecules. Her work is focused on two aspects of this process. First, how these enzymes are assembled in the mitochondria, and second, how their lever of work is regulated. If the Mitochondria are not working properly and not enough ATP is produced, the energy output of the body is limited. If too much is produced active or unregulated, toxic byproducts can result. The knowledge generated can be used by other researchers to translate into the treatment of diseases and medical conditions. Some heart and neurological conditions in humans can be traced back to mitochondrial defects.

This award will allow Dr. Stuart to continue her work on the assembly and function of the F1F0-ATP synthase. She will also continue to carry out her National Institutes of Health-funded grant, which focuses on the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier protein, as defects in this protein have been shown to underlie a number of cardiac myopathies and neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, it will allow her to devote time to an entirely new research project which will involve studying the mammalian homolog of the Hig1 protein.

2010  
Dr. James Marten

Dr. James A. Marten
Chair and Professor of History


According to Dr. James A. Marten, it's too easy for individuals to view children as passive observers and victims of their times. That couldn't be further from the truth, based on his research. Children are important actors in history and can provide important insights into the periods and events they lived in.

In 1999, Marten's book The Children's Civil War was selected by Choice Magazine as an Outstanding Academic Book of the year and helped establish Marten as an important interpreter of the social history of the Civil War period. He has written, edited or co-edited 13 books and has two more books in progress. His monograph Sing Not War: Civil War Veterans in Guilded Age America will be published in 2011, and his edited work, Children and Youth During the Civil War Era, is nearing completion and under contract with New York University Press.

Marten's contributions to the field go beyond his own work and publications. He was a co-founder of the Society for the History of Children and Youth, which hosted its first conference at Marquette in 2001. The society now counts nearly 300 members from more than 20 countries and publishes a triennial journal. He also serves as senior co-editor of the six-volume anthology The Cultural History of Children and the Family, coordinating 72 volume editors and authors from four continents and 13 countries and co-editing one of the volumes. Marten believes this work is as important as his personal writing, allowing him to bring in and support junior scholars in the field, as well as help refine and bring clarity to the field.

2009  
Campus

Dr. Stephen M. Downs
Wehr Professor of Biological Sciences


Since working on his master's thesis at Augustana College in Sioux Falls, S.D., Dr. Stephen M. Downs has been interested in the process of normal egg maturation in mammals. He specifically studies the metabolic pathways that help regulate development of oocytes, unfertilized egg cells.

Downs strives to understand how the signal transduction function — the communication system — of oocytes drives production of normal eggs to complete maturation. Though he focuses mainly on the most basic, scientific level of understanding egg maturation, he is inspired by the applications of his research, which range from optimizing fertility treatments to understanding how to treat and prevent diabetes. The results of his studies are instrumental in understanding what causes fertility problems because successful reproduction depends on proper egg maturation. His research also has been applied to maximizing fertility efficiency in domestic livestock by perfecting in vitro procedures.

A major goal of Downs' research is to identify the specific molecules and metabolic pathways that regulate egg maturation, which is of prime importance in preventing errors in chromosome segregation and in promoting the production of high-quality oocytes that are capable of normal fertilization and embryo development. Understanding how these metabolic pathways regulate normal maturation is important because abnormalities in the process can lead to abnormal development of eggs, manifested in chromosomal irregularities such as Down syndrome.  Most recently, Downs' work has focused on the effects of a stress-response protein on regulating oocyte maturation in mice. Results of these studies could show a connection between physical, chemical, and metabolic stress and abnormalities in development.

Downs plans to keep exploring how signal transduction function affects other areas of human development. He also is studying the role of certain enzymes in embryonic development to see if similar signaling systems operate after fertilization of oocytes.

2008  
Dr. Patrick Carey Patrick Carey, Ph.D.
William J. Kelly, S.J., Chair in Catholic Theology


Since the late 1960s, Dr. Patrick Carey, the William J. Kelly, S.J., Chair in Catholic Theology, has examined the relationships between Catholics and other religious groups in the United States, focusing some of his research on the influence of Catholicism on politics and social thought.

He is the author of over twenty articles in professional journals and fifteen books.  Dr. Carey is transfixed by the dynamic ebbs and flows of Catholic thought through the key eras in U.S. history. His interests include how Catholics as a group reacted to slavery and the Industrial Revolution and the social injustices that afflicted the predominantly lower- and working-class Catholics prior to the 1960s.

Carey’s academic journey has included writing numerous historical studies on American Catholic thought and its leading thinkers. He was the first to gather and compile into a seven-volume, critical edition the earliest scattered writings of Orestes Brownson. In 2004 Carey published a biography of Brownson, entitled An American Religious Weathervane: Orestes A. Brownson, (Eerdmans, 2004), which won him a first-place Catholic Press Award. Dr. Carey is currently doing research for a biography of Avery Cardinal Dulles.
2007  
Dr. Charles Wilkie Charles Wilkie
Chemistry

Pfletschinger Habermann Professor

B.S., University of Detroit
Ph.D., Wayne State University

Dr. Wilkie’s research is focused on fire retardancy and polymer degradation.

Plastics are found in many environments in which fires occur.  In some cases, they are used as fire retardant coatings, which eventually burn.  His research makes it harder for the plastics to burn. This is accomplished by cross-linking and increasing the number of chemical bonds that have to be broken in combustion. A variety of techniques have been used to achieve this cross-linking, including additives, gamma irradiation, thermal cross-linking, and initiator assisted cross-linking. He then studies the materials structure and its relationship to fire and temperature stability.

Dr. Wilkie was a Fulbright scholar at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles in 1991-92.  He is a member of the editorial board and a contributing editor of Polymer News and has been involved in the organization of the annual polymer additives conference for several years. He has taught a number of short courses on fire retardancy.
2006  
Dr. James T. Buchanan James T. Buchanan
Biological Sciences
Wehr Distinguished Professor of Biological Sciences


B.A., Colorado College
Ph.D., Washington University
Postdoctoral Research, Colorado State University and Karolinska Institute (Sweden)

Dr. Buchanan is a neurophysiologist with an international reputation in the motor control of locomotion and computational neuroscience.  To study locomotion, he uses the lamprey spinal cord.  It is his belief that by understanding the cellular mechanisms underlying spinal cord function during locomotion, we may be able to develop rational therapies for disease, degradation and injury to the spinal cord.  Since coming to Marquette he has received funding from the National Institutes of Health of more than $1.8 million to support his research.

He has trained many postdoctoral scientists and thus established fruitful collaborations with colleagues in Poland, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom.  In the summer of 1994, he visited the Department of Neurobiology at the University of Rennes, France as Professuer Invite.  In 1998, he won a Prestigious Fogarty International Senior Fellowship to spend a sabbatical in St. Andrews, Scotland, to study with Dr. Keith Sillar, a noted neurobiologist.

Dr. Buchanan has an impressive list of publications.  He is frequently asked to write state-of-the-art reviews for prestigious neurobiological journals.  He has also served as a panel member on the NIH Neurobiology Study Section and for the NSF Advisory Panel for Behavior and Computational Neuroscience.
2005  
Chieu D. Tran Chieu D. Tran
Chemistry

B.S., Kumamoto University
Ph.D., Texas A&M University
Postdoctoral Research, The Royal Institution of Great Britain

Dr. Tran is an exceptional researcher, well-known for his innovative design of new instrumentation for use in fundamental studies in analytical chemistry and materials science. His pioneering work has resulted in the design of novel spectrometers based on thermal lensing effects and use of acoustic optical tunable filters which can be used for ultrasensitive detection of a wide variety of chemical substances. His development of multispectral imaging techniques has further led to the ability to provide spatially-resolved characterization of physical and chemical properties.

Included among the many fundamental studies he has performed with his unique instrumentation are solvent purity determination and detection of biochemically-relevant species such as chlorophyll and nucleosides.

His work addresses critical issues in many frontier areas of modern chemical research including characterization of nanoscaled materials, development of high performance chemical and biochemical sensors, and the design of environmentally-benign chemical processes known as green chemistry.

Professor Tran has received numerous awards in recognition of his accomplishments including the Society for Applied Spectroscopy’s Gold Medal Award, a Shannon Award from the National Institutes of Health, an Invitation Fellowship for Research in Japan, Marquette University’s Sigma Xi Chapter Award for Distinguished Scientific Research Achievement, and the American Chemical Society Milwaukee Section Award.

In addition to participation of undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral associates in his research laboratory, Dr. Tran has established productive collaborations with several international scientists. His research program at Marquette has attracted more than $3 million in external support from federal, corporate, and foundation sources.
2004  
Gerald F. Harris Gerald F. Harris
Biomedical Engineering


Dr. Gerald F. Harris, professor of biomedical engineering and director of the Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Engineering Center, received the 2004 Lawrence G. Haggerty Faculty Award for Excellence in Research at the annual Distinguished Scholar’s Reception held Wednesday. The reception, sponsored by the Graduate School and the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs, recognized faculty, staff and alumni for their outstanding scholarly achievements during the previous year.

Harris, a leader in orthopedic and rehabilitation research, has a personal dedication to helping children and adults with crippling diseases. His work includes helping children with cerebral palsy, lower limb amputation and brittle bone syndrome.

Harris’s work has facilitated more effective surgical procedures that help children and adolescents. Through his interdisciplinary research with institutions such as the Medical College of Wisconsin and Chicago Shriner’s Hospital, Harris has not only helped numerous patients, but helped foster and develop future researchers, medical doctors and clinical personnel. Harris has published and presented his scholarly work widely and has received $16 million in funding.

The Lawrence G. Haggerty Faculty Award for Excellence in Research has been awarded to a faculty member every year since 1998. The award has been made possible by a generous gift from the Haggerty family and includes a $5,000 stipend for the award winner. Harris has decided to place the stipend into a new account to benefit students in his laboratory.
2003  
Rev. Roland J. Teske, S.J.
Philosophy

Rev. Roland Teske, S.J. is quite simply one of the most respected and prolific scholars in Medieval Philosophy today. His curriculum vitae shows that he has produced a truly prodigious output of internationally distinguished books and scholarly articles, including seven books currently in press.

He has assumed leadership in his field from his scholarship, his editorial work, and his membership in six professional societies.

The inaugural Donald J. Schuenke Professor of Philosophy at Marquette, he has also held distinguished visiting chairs at three other universities.

Fr. Teske has brought the full range of his scholarship to bear in teaching at the undergraduate and graduate level, in specialized courses and in the core philosophy courses required of all Marquette undergraduates. St. Thomas Aquinas once wrote that “among all human pursuits, the pursuit of wisdom is more perfect, more noble, more useful and more full of joy.” Fr. Teske’s life has been devoted to the pursuit of wisdom. Through his scholarship and teaching, he has communicated and shared this wisdom with his colleagues and students, and, through them the world.
2002  
Athan Theoharis
History

Dr. Theoharis is truly one of Marquette University’s most respected and most productive historians. Early in his career, he made a name for himself as a specialist in the history of the Truman presidency and he continues to be the Department’s premier historian of the 1950s in the United States.

More recently, he has established himself, by virtue of his assiduous research and prolific publication, as one of a handful of highly respected and highly sought experts on the history of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. analyses are often cited by other scholars, and his commentary is often sought by both national and international media.

Moreover, his work is of public significance. As a Jesuit university, Marquette has made social justice a centerpiece of its public identity. Dr. Theoharis epitomizes this by combining his careful, accurate, and fair scholarship with a deep commitment to civil liberties and social justice.

His work informs our understanding of public policy. It stimulates us to think about the nature and purpose of our policy. It advocates a public commitment to justice and strong respect for all people.

Thus Dr. Theoharis’s scholarship serves as a model for his colleagues and students alike. A respected teacher, a trusted colleague, and an impressive researcher, Professor Athan Theoharis brings honor and international renown to Marquette University.
2001  
Robert H. Fitts Robert H. Fitts
Biology


Professor Fitts has established himself as one of the premier exercise physiologists in the world. His research has focused on three areas of interest: the cause of muscle fatigue, the effect of regular exercise on the function of single muscle cells, and muscle atrophy caused by exposure to a zero-gravity environment.

Professor Fitts’ research has provided leadership in sports medicine, geriatrics and long-term care, as well as the NASA space program.

His research lab, which has garnered more than $4.7 million of extramural funding, has produced the publication of more than 73 refereed journal articles, 18 book chapters, 90 abstracts, and more than 105 conference presentations.

Professor Fitts has served his discipline as a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Applied Physiology since 1983, as a member of the Editorial Board of Gerontology Journal: Biological Sciences since 1993, as a member of the Grants Review Board of the American Heart Association Wisconsin Affiliate, and a member of NIH Geriatrics and Rehabilitative Medicine Study Section Reviewer for the NIH Reserve Board.

Awards include NIH Fellow 1972 - 1975, MDA Fellow 1975 – 1976, NIH Career Development Award 1980 – 1986, NIG Senior Research Fellowship 1986-87, Citation Award from the American College of Sports Medicine 1999, Marquette Chapter of Sigma XI Award 1995 and the Wehr Distinguished Professor of Biology from 1997 to the present. He has served as research mentor for 10 Ph.D. students and 2 M.S. students, and all of his doctoral and postdoctoral students have secured positions in academic institutions.

He is a popular teacher, and graduate students and postdoctoral scholars come to Marquette specifically to work with him. Professor Fitts is the consummate scholar-teacher, and he brings a world-class reputation in exercise physiology to Marquette University.
2000  
James R. Kincaid James R. Kincaid
Chemistry

Professor Kincaid is one of Marquette University’s most prolific and talented researchers.

Since arriving at Marquette in 1984 and establishing his laboratory here, he has garnered more than $3 million of extramural research funding from a dozen research projects, published 88 journal articles which have been cited more than 2400 times by other researchers, and served as research mentor for 11 Ph.D. students, 10 M.S. students, 5 undergraduates and 11 postdoctoral fellows.

Professor Kincaid’s area of research is in spectroscopic techniques of resonance Raman and timeresolved Raman spectroscopy. His work with zeolites show great promise in resolving significant issues of “back-electron transfer” which have hindered solar energy research in the past. His findings, published in Nature, have gained him international acclaim and promise to open the door to significant breakthroughs in energy research.

His zeolite research also holds promise for new areas of research in the biological sciences as well. Professor Kincaid has received numerous honors for his research including the National Research Service Award from the National Institutes of Health (1975-1978), the Wehr Professor of Chemistry Chair at Marquette from 1993 –1998, and the Milwaukee Section Award from the American Chemical Society in 1998.

He has served his discipline as an NIH peer reviewer since 1981. Professor Kincaid has served his Marquette students, and his discipline with his research, publication, service and teaching.

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