Bedbugs (Cimex lectularius) are tiny flat brown insects about 5 mm long. They do not fly or jump, but they do bite. They are most active at night and prefer the bedroom where they can find a sleeping host. Bedbugs can be found hidden in luggage, clothing, pillows, briefcases, backpacks, purses, boxes and other belongings.
A cold virus can attack and multiply in cells that line the nose and throat. You can catch a cold if you touch your eyes or nose after touching the hand of an infected person or touching a hard surface shortly after an infected person touched it.
Head Lice (Pediculosis)
Lice are tiny insects that can be found on various parts of the body, including the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes. These insects live on humans and feed on their blood. Lice that live close to the scalp are known as head lice. Head lice are foung most often on the back of the neck and behind the years.
*Head Lice Information Sheet
Hepatitis B is a viral disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) that attacks the liver. It is a serious illness that can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, liver failure and death.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Genital HPV is a common virus that is transmitted through genital contact. About 30 types of HPV can infect the genital areas of men and women. While most HPV types cause no symptoms and go away on their own, some types can cause cervical cancer in women. These types have also been linked to other less common genital cancers, including cancers of the anus, vagina, and vulva (area around the opening of the vagina). Other types of HPV can cause warts in the genital areas of men and women, called genital warts.
Influenza, also known as the flu, is a contagious disease that is caused by the influenza virus. It attacks the respiratory tract in humans (nose, throat, and lungs). Influenza usually occurs during the months of November through April.
Meningococcal disease is quite rare but can be life threatening. The bacteria causing the disease Neisseria Meningitides can cause meningitis and septicemia (blood poisoning). This particular bacterium is only one possible cause for meningitis (an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord).
Mononucleosis (mono) is an illness caused by infection with a virus. The Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is the usual cause of infectious mono. Infection with other viruses, like the cytomegalovirus (CMV) can also produce a mono-like illness. Mono is an illness mainly of adolescents and young adults. Generally, people only get mono once.
MRSA Skin Infections
MRSA (methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) is a bacteria that is commonly found on the skin and in the nose, usually not causing any symptoms. However, sometimes it causes infections in skin and other sites in the body. MRSA causes the same types of infections that regular staph does but it can’t be treated by penicillin related or erythromycin related antibiotics. MRSA is not easier to spread than other staph infections.
TB, or tuberculosis, is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria can attack any part of your body, but they usually attack the lungs.
Viral gastroenteritis is an infection caused by viruses that results in vomiting or diarrhea. It is often called the "stomach flu," although it is not caused by the influenza viruses. Viruses that cause gastroenteritis are spread through close contact with infected persons (for example, by sharing food, water, or eating utensils).
*Vomiting and Diarrhea Information Sheet
Zika virus disease is caused by the Zika Virus. it is spread to people by the bite of the Aedes mosquito. About 4 out of 5 people infected with the virus will not feel sick. 1 out of 5 people with Zika virus will get sick about 4 to 7 days after getting bit. Once someone is infected with Zika, they cannot get it again.