Sarah Knox, Ph.D.

Department of Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology

Office: 168H Schroeder Complex
Phone: (414) 288-5942
sarah.knox@marquette.edu

Sarah Knox, Ph.D.

Professor

Director of Training for the Counseling Psychology Ph.D. Program

Co-Editor of Counselling Psychology Quarterly

Curriculum Vitae

Degrees Held

Research Interests

Courses Taught

Recent Publications

2014

Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Crook-Lyon, R. E., Hess, S. A., Miles, J. R., Spangler, P., & Pudasaini, S. Dreaming of you: Client and therapist dreams of each other during psychodynamic psychotherapy. (Psychotherapy Research). In press.

Knox, S. (Ed.). (2014). How providing psychotherapy affects therapists. [Special issue]. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session. In press.

Knox, S., Caperton, W., Phelps. D., & Pruitt. N. Supervisees' internal representations of supervisors. (Counselling Psychology Quarterly). In press.

Burkard, A.W., Knox, S., Clark, R., Phelps, D., & Inman, A. (2014). Easy and difficult feedback in cross-cultural supervision. The Counseling Psychologist, 42, 314-344.

Burkard, A.W., Knox, S., DeWalt, T., Fuller, S., Hill, C., & Schlosser, L. (2014). Dissertation experiences of doctoral graduates from professional psychology programs. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 27, 19-54.

Hess, S. A., Knox, S., Hill, C. E., Byers, T., & Spangler, P. (2014). Exploring the dreams of hospice workers. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 31, 374-379. 10.1177/1049909113487253.

Kozlowski, J. M., Pruitt, N. T., DeWalt, T. A., & Knox, S. (2014). Can boundary crossings in clinicalsupervision be beneficial? Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 27, 109-126.

2013

Knox, S., Inman, A., Schlosser, L. Z., Sokol, J., Nillson, J., & Wang, Y. (2013). International advisees' experiences of the doctoral advising relationship. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 2, 46-61.

Knox, S., & Burkard, A. W. (2013). Qualitative research interviews: An update. In W. Lutz & S. Knox (Eds.), Quantitative and qualitative methods in psychotherapy research (pp. 342- 354). Oxford: Routledge.


Knox, S., & Timulak, L. (2013). Editorial. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 26, 225-226.

Hill, C. E., Lystrup, A., Kline, K., Gebru, N. M., Birchler, J., Palmer, G., Robinson, J., Um, M., Griffin, S., Lipsky, E., Knox, S., & Pinto-Coelho, K. (2013). Aspiring to become a therapist: Personal strengths and challenges, influences, motivations, and expectations of future psychotherapists. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 26, 267-293.

Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2013). Training and supervision in psychotherapy. In Lambert, M. J. (Ed.), Bergin and Garfield's Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change, 6th ed. (pp. 775-811). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Lutz, W., & Knox, S. (Eds.). (2013). Quantitative and qualitative methods in psychotherapy research. Oxford: Routledge.

2012

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., & Hill, C. E. (2012). Data collection methods in CQR. In Hill, C. E. (Ed.). Consensual qualitative research: A practical resource for investigating social science phenomena (pp. 83-101). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., & Hill, C. E. (2012). Ethical considerations in CQR. In Hill, C. E. (Ed.). Consensual qualitative research: A practical resource for investigating social science phenomena (pp. 201-212). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Hill, C. E., Knox, S., & Hess, S. A. (2012). Qualitative meta-analysis in CQR. In Hill, C. E. (Ed.). Consensual qualitative research: A practical resource for investigating social science phenomena (pp. 159-171). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Knox, S., Schlosser, L. Z., & Hill, C. E. (2012). Writing the manuscript in CQR. In Hill, C. E. (Ed.). Consensual qualitative research: A practical resource for investigating social science phenomena (pp. 145-157). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

2011

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Janecek, J., Pruitt, N. T., Fuller, S., & Hill, C. E. (2011). Positive and problematic dissertation experiences: The faculty perspective. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 24, 55-69.

Knox, S., Everson, E., Adrians, N., Hess, S. A., Hill, C. E., & Crook-Lyon, R. (2011). Clients’ perspectives on therapy termination. Psychotherapy Research, 21, 154-167.

2010

Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2010). The use of dreams in modern psychotherapy.  In A. Chow & P. McNamara (Eds.), International Review of Neurobiology (pp. 291-317). Amsterdam:Elsevier Academic Press.

Knox, S. (2010). Clara E. Hill: A rebel with several causes. In L. G. Castonguay, J. C. Muran, L. Angus, J. A. Hayes, N. Ladany, & T. Anderson (Eds.), Bringing    psychotherapy research to life: Understanding change through the work of leading clinical researchers (pp. 153-162). Washington, DC: APA.

Pruitt, N. T., Johnson, A. J., Catlin, L., & Knox, S. (2010). Influences on female counseling psychology associate professors’ decisions regarding pursuit of full-professorship. The Counseling Psychologist, 38, 1139-1173.

2009

Knox, S., DuBois, R., Smith, J., Hess, S. A., & Hill, C. E. (2009). Clients’ experiences giving gifts to therapists. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 46, 350-361.

Knox, S., & Burkard, A. W. (2009). Qualitative research interviews. Psychotherapy Research, 19, 566-575. 

Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2009). Processing the therapeutic relationship. Psychotherapy Research, 19, 13-29. 

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., Hess, S. A., & Schultz, J. M. (2009). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual supervisees’ experiences of LGB-affirmative and nonaffirmative supervision. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56, 176-188.

2008

Knox, S. (2008). Self-disclosure. In F. T. L. Leong, H. E. A. Tinsley, & S. H. Lease (Eds.),   Encyclopedia of counseling (pp. 851-852). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Knox, S. (2008). Clara E. Hill. In F. T. L. Leong, H. E. A. Tinsley, & S. H. Lease (Eds.),   Encyclopedia of counseling (pp. 632-633). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2008). Facilitating insight in counseling and psychotherapy. In R. Lent & S. Brown (Eds.), Handbook of Counseling Psychology, 4th ed. (pp. 284-302). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. 

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Edwards, L., Smith, J., & Schlosser, L. Z. (2008). Supervisors’ reports of the effects of supervisor self-disclosure on supervisees. Psychotherapy Research, 18, 543-559.

Hess, S. A, Knox, S., Schultz, J. M., Sloan, L., Brandt, S., Kelley, F., & Hoffman, M. A., & Hill, C. E. (2008). Predoctoral interns’ nondisclosure in supervision. Psychotherapy   Research, 18, 400-411.

Knox, S., Hill, C. E., Hess, S. A., & Crook-Lyon, R. (2008). Case studies of the attainment of insight in dream sessions: Replication and extension. Psychotherapy Research, 18, 200-215.

Knox, S. (2008). Gifts in psychotherapy: Practice review and recommendations. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 45, 103-110.

2007

Hill, C. E., Sullivan, C., Knox, S, & Schlosser, L. (2007). Becoming psychotherapists: Experiences of novice therapists in a beginning graduate class. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44, 434-449.

Knox, S. (2007). My research program. Invited article for North American Chapter of Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR) Newsletter, related to receiving the SPR Outstanding Early Career Achievement Award (pp. 4-5).

Knox, S., Virginia, S. G., & Smith, J. (2007). Psychological distress among Roman Catholic secular clergy. Pastoral Psychology, 55, 297-306.

Hill, C. E., Castonguay, L. G., . . . Knox, S., . . . Wampold, B. E. (2007). Insight in psychotherapy: Definitions, processes, consequences, and research directions. In L. G. Castonguay & C. E. Hill (Eds.), Insight in psychotherapy (pp. 441-454). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Crook-Lyon, R., Goates-Jones, M., & Sim, W. (2007). The attainment of insight in the Hill Dream Model: A case study. In L. G. Castonguay & C. E. Hill (Eds.), Insight in psychotherapy (pp. 207-230). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

2006

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Bentzler, J., Schaack, A., & Hess, S. A. (2006). Therapists-in-training who experience a client suicide: Implications for supervision. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 37, 547-557.

Burkard, A. W., Johnson, A. J., Madsen, M., Pruitt, N. T., Tadych, D., Kozlowski, J., Knox, S., & Hess, S. A. (2006). Cultural responsiveness in cross-cultural supervision. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 288-301.Cited and summarized in Clinician’s Research Digest (2006), 24 (11), 2.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., Groen, M., Perez, M., & Hess, S. A. (2006). European American therapist self-disclosure in cross-cultural counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 15-25. Cited and summarized in Clinician’s Research Digest (2006), 24 (5), 3.

Hess, S. A., Knox, S., & Hill, C. E. (2006). Teaching graduate trainees how to manage client anger: A comparison of three types of training. Psychotherapy Research, 16, 282-292.

Knox, S., Schlosser, L. Z., Pruitt, N. T., & Hill, C. E. (2006). A qualitative examination of graduate advising relationships: The advisor perspective. The Counseling Psychologist, 34, 489-518.

2005

Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Thompson, B. J., Williams, E. N., Hess, S. A., & Ladany, N. (2005). Consensual Qualitative Research: An update. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52, 196-205.

Knox, S., Catlin, L., Casper, M., & Schlosser, L. Z. (2005). Addressing religion and spirituality in psychotherapy: Clients’ perspectives. Psychotherapy Research, 15, 287-303.

Knox, S., Virginia, S. G., Thull, J., & Lombardo, J. P. (2005). Depression and vocational satisfaction in Roman Catholic secular clergy. Pastoral Psychology, 54, 139-155.

Recent Presentations

Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR) European Method Workshops for YoungResearchers: Using consensual qualitative research (CQR) for psychotherapy research.Universität Trier, Germany, August 2014.

Knox, S., Caperton, W., Phelps, D. L., & Pruitt, N. T. (2014, June). Supervisees' internal representations of their supervisors. Poster presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Knox, S. (2014, June). To disclose or not to disclose: Client and therapist disclosure in psychotherapy. Discussant for Panel presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Society of Psychotherapy Research. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Knox, S., Butler, M., Kaiser, D., Knowlton, G., & Hill, C.E. (2013, October). Therapists' use of humor in psychotherapy. Paper presented at the Meeting of the North American Chapter of the Society for Psychotherapy Research. Memphis, TN.

Knox, S., Caperton, W., Phelps, D., & Pruitt, N. (2013, October). Supervisees' internal representations of their supervisors. Poster presented at the Meeting of the North American Chapter of the Society for Psychotherapy Research. Memphis, TN.

Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR) Webinar: Data Collection and Data Analysis, September 2013.

The University of the West Indies at Cave Hill, Barbados, April 2013; 3-day workshop.

Knox, S. (2013, April). Best practices in supervision: Is supervision effective? If so, what makes it effective? Colloquium presented as part of the CECP Colloquium Series, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI.

Hess, S. A., Byers, T., Spangler, P. T., Hill, C. E., and Knox, S. (2012, June). Hospice workers’ dreams about patients. In S. Knox (Moderator), I’m dreaming of . . .: Therapists’ dreams about clients, hospice workers’ dreams about patients, and earliest-remembered vs. recent-remembered dreams in therapy. Panel discussion conducted at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Virginia Beach, VA.

Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Crook-Lyon, R., & Hill, C. E. (2012, June). Therapists’ dreams about clients. In S. Knox (Moderator), I’m dreaming of . . .: Therapists’ dreams about clients, hospice workers’ dreams about patients, and earliest-remembered vs. recent-remembered dreams in therapy. Panel discussion conducted at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Virginia Beach, VA.


Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Hill, C. E., Burkard, A. W., & Crook-Lyon, R.  (2012, June). Corrective relational experiences in psychotherapy. In C. E. Hill & L. G. Castonguay (Moderators), Corrective experiences in psychotherapy: Qualitative and quantitative findings. Panel discussion conducted at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Virginia Beach, VA.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., & Hartmann, L. (2011, August). Transformational Relational Experiences in Multicultural Supervision: A Qualitative Study. Poster presented at the 119th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D. C.

Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2011, June). An Overview of the Training and Supervision Literature. Panel presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Bern, Switzerland.

Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Thompson, B. J., Vivino, B., Sim, W., Huang, T., & Jackson, J. (2010, June). Consensual Qualitative Research Workshop. Workshop presented at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Asilomar, CA.

Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Adrians, N., Everson, E., Hill, C. E., & Crook-Lyon, R. (2010, June). Clients’ perspectives on psychotherapy termination. Paper presented at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Asilomar, CA.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., Clarke, R., Phelps, D., & Inman, A. (2009, August).Difficult feedback in cross-cultural supervision. Poster presented at the 117th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Hill, C. H., & Crook-Lyon, R.  (2009, June).  Corrective relational experiences: Client perspectives.  In C. Hill (Moderator), Corrective experiences in      psychotherapy: Empirical investigations of a common factor.  Panel discussion conducted at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Santiago, Chile.

Knox, S., Hess, S. A., DuBois, R., Smith, J., & Hill, C. E.  (2009, June). Clients’ experiences giving gifts to therapists.  Paper presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Santiago, Chile. 

Knox, S., Hess, S. A., Hill, C. E., & Crook-Lyon, R.  (2008, September).  Corrective relational experiences:  Client perspectives.  In S. Knox (Chair), Corrective relational experiences in psychotherapy.  Panel discussion conducted at the North American Chapter of the Society for Psychotherapy Research Conference, New Haven, CT. 

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Janecek, J., Pruitt, N. T., Fuller, S. L., & Hill, C. E.  (2008, August). Positive and problematic dissertation experiences:  The faculty perspective.  Poster presented at the 116th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Edwards, L., Smith, J., & Schlosser, L. Z.  (2007, August).  Supervisor self-disclosure in supervision.  Poster presented at the 115th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Hess, S. A., Knox, S., Schultz, J. M., Hill, C. E., Sloan, L., Brandt, S., Kelley, F., & Hoffman, M. A. (2007, June). "Supervisee reluctant disclosure in supervision." In S. Knox (Chair), Therapist, supervisor, and supervisee self-disclosure: Empirical findings and implications. Panel discussion conducted at the 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Madison, WI.

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Edwards, L. M., Smith, J., & Schlosser, L. Z. (2007, June). "Supervisor self-disclosure in supervision." In S. Knox (Chair), Therapist, supervisor, and supervisee self-disclosure: Empirical findings and implications. Panel discussion conducted at the 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Madison, WI.

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Hess, S. A., & Schultz, J. M. (2007, June). "Lesbian, gay, and bisexual supervisees’ experiences of affirmative and nonaffirmative supervision." (2007, June). Poster presented at the 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Madison, WI.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., Hess, S. A., & Schultz, J. M. (2007, January). "Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Affirmative and Non-affirmative Supervision." Poster presentation at the National Multicultural Conference and Summit, Seattle, WA.

Knox, S., Hill, C. E., Hess, S. A., & Crook-Lyon, R. (2006, June). "Natalie: A case study of a client who did not gain insight in dream work." In C. E. Hill (Chair), Case studies of insight attainment in dream work. Panel discussion conducted at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Edinburgh, U.K.

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Jackson, J. A., Schaack, A. M., & Hess, S. A. (2006, June). "Therapists-in-training who experience a client suicide: Implications for supervision." Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Edinburgh, U.K.

Knox, S., & Smith, J. (2005, November). "Mental health of Roman Catholic secular clergy." Poster presented at Forward Thinking Poster Session and Research Exchange, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI.

Burkard, A. W., Knox, S., Hess, S., & Schultz, J. (2005, August). "Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual affirmative and non-affirmative supervision." Poster presented at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Knox, S., Burkard, A. W., Jackson, J., Schaack, A., & Hess, S. A. (2005, August). "Therapists-in-Training Who Experience a Client Suicide: Implications for Supervision." Poster presentation at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Knox, S., Virginia, S. G., Thull, J., & Lombardo, J. P. (2005, August). "Depression and vocational satisfaction in Roman Catholic secular clergy." Poster presentation at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Pruitt, N. T., Knox, S., Schlosser, L. Z., & Hill, C. E. (2005, August). "Graduate advising relationships: The advisor’s perspective." In L. Z. Schlosser (Chair), Advising relationships in psychology doctoral training: What students want to know. Symposium conducted at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.


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